The Rue Saint-Nicaise attack: meet the assassins


Joseph-Pierre de Limoelan, one of the Rue Saint-Nicaise assassins

Let us begin with Joseph de Limoëlan, the head of the conspiracy to assassinate Napoléon Bonaparte in Paris. He was 34 years of age at the time of the attack, a tall, handsome man with blue eyes and dark hair, gold-rimmed spectacles and an aristocratic air. After years spent as a Chouan, a royalist insurgent, he is the one who planned to detonate the bomb, placed on a horse-drawn cart, in the midst of a busy street. All the busier that evening because people wanted to see Napoléon Bonaparte’s carriage on its way to the Opera. It was also Christmas Eve, the shops and cafés were still open, and many were headed for the houses of friends to celebrate the holiday.

That did not give pause to Limoëlan, though he had to know that the collateral damage would be atrocious. There were dozens of casualties, and so many houses were blown up that the street itself was later condemned and destroyed in its entirety. Limoëlan himself had found a little street vendor, a girl by the name of Marianne Peusol, to hold the bridle of the horse that drew the carriage. He had to know that the child, closest to the bomb, was sure to die.

The man was the coldest of cold-blooded killers. Yet he was engaged to a young lady, a friend of his sisters, and every clue I found pointed to an attachment that was mutual, and very deep. I also found out that his father and several of his relatives, prominent members of the nobility of Brittany, had been guillotined in Paris a few years earlier as royalist conspirators. That is no excuse, of course, but it puts Limoëlan’s hate for the city and its inhabitants in perspective.


Pierre de Saint-Regent, one of the Rue Saint-Nicaise assassins

Pierre de Saint-Régent, who was Limoëlan’s second in command, was no less interesting. He was also a nobleman from Brittany, though from a minor and impoverished family. His pointed nose gave his face the look of a ferret, and he did not have the elegant manners of his comrade. Hardened by years of combat, first in the Royal Navy before the Revolution, and later in the royalist insurgency, he was the one who actually lit the fuse that detonated the bomb.

Nevertheless, in the days that led to the attack, Saint-Régent took great pains, and great risks, to purchase a pug, and order a sterling silver dog collar to present to his “lady.” Who was she? The real investigation never uncovered her identity, but trust a historical novelist to fill in the blanks… Of course the lady in question is one of the fictional characters of For the King.

The third assassin, François Carbon, nicknamed Le Petit François, Short Francis, is quite a different sort of character. I discovered someone totally repulsive, physically and morally. Squat, fat, abusive, vulgar, garish in his dress, and yet fancying himself a great favorite with the ladies… Also a Chouan, Carbon accompanied Limoëlan to Paris as his valet and jack-of-all-trades, and he helped the two other men drive the cart on which sat the bomb to Rue Nicaise. Comical as he may seem at times, he too was a killer. I could not find any portrait of him, though he is easy to picture from the descriptions of witnesses.

“How to” manuals purporting to teach the craft of writing warn the would-be novelist to stay clear of characters devoid of any nuance. But in this case I couldn’t help it: the real François Carbon was as I describe him in FOR THE KING. And actually some readers tell me they found him totally compelling, repellent as he is.

Many thanks to The Burton Review for hosting this post!

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5 Comments to “The Rue Saint-Nicaise attack: meet the assassins”

  1. Penny says:

    Now I wonder, Is there a painting that led to what you imagined Alexandrine
    to look like? I had mistaken the Blanche portrait for her until i read the book
    then I realized the painting can only be Blanche and it does work so well that
    I had to ask you about the one innocent(that lived)
    I do like the Roch image although I had imaged him older LOOKING but that’s just me
    because I am older. I seem to have a think for men over 35. I had forgotten about
    the descriptions in the book. Just 3 more days.

  2. Well, Marilyn, now you will have to read the novel… :)

  3. Marilyn says:

    Well, it is no excuse but as you said he had no love for the common folk of Paris. He probably had spent years hating..perhaps having details of the horror members of his Family underwent! This is certainly interesting and I would love to know more about the Women in their lives. You certainly know how to lead your Posts into details that make us want to know more!

  4. Indeed Saint-Regent was no beauty, but his physical appearance was nothing compared to the rest of his traits. Brave man, though, he was tortured for days and never confessed anything or betrayed his accomplices. Limoelan was handsome, certainly, but there is a je ne sais quoi about his face that is not quite pleasant.

  5. Amy says:

    Haha…he does look like a ferret :) This was interesting, thanks for posting. I always love to put faces to the names of the people I read about. Limoëlan was quite handsome, but I just can’t get over him putting that little girl right in the middle of it. His hatred must have been great!

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